Glossary / Decriminalisation

Adjudicator

Appeal

Approved device (including cameras)

Authorisation Notice

Bus lane

Bylaw

Challenge - Post Notice to Owner (Formal Challenge)

Challenge - Pre Notice to Owner

Charge Certificate

Civil Enforcement Agent (Formally bailiff)

Civil Enforcement Authority

Civil Enforcement Officer

Civil Justice System

Clamping

Compelling Reasons

Contravention

Contravention Code

Controlled Parking Zone (CPZ)

Costs

County Court

Debt Registration

Decriminalisation

Under the Road Traffic Act 1991, the Secretary of State for Transport made Special Parking Orders, permitting councils to enforce contraventions of parking Regulations within a designated Special Parking Area. Such contraventions are not criminal offences, but are enforced through civil procedures. Thus they are said to have been "decriminalised". Bus-lane contraventions have not been decriminalised. While they may be enforced by a council through the civil procedure, they may also be enforced by the police through criminal proceedings. If the police begin criminal proceedings, the council cannot enforce through the civil procedure.

Designated Parking Bays

Discount Rate

Discretion

DVLA

Evidence

Grounds for Appeal

Loading Bay

Magistrates' Court

Notice of Appeal (NOA)

Notice of Rejection of Representations (NOR)

Notice to Owner (NTO)

Order for Recovery

Parking

Parking and Traffic Appeals Service (PATAS)

Parking Bay

Penalty Charge Notice (PCN)

Procedural Impropriety

Recommendation

Registered Keeper

Registered Keeper

Review

Signs and lines

Statutory Declaration

Telephone Hearing

Towing Away (Removal)

Traffic Enforcement Centre (TEC)

Traffic Management Act 2004 (TMA 2004)

Traffic Penalty Tribunal

Traffic Regulation Order (TRO)

Transport Act 2000

Vehicle Registration Mark (VRM)

Witness Statement


Download this diagram from the PATROL leaflet explaining the parking penalty enforcement process

parking penalty enforcement process diagram